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Mark Baron

Mark S. Baron

Interim Director

Professor of Neurology


VCU Health: NOW Center
11958 W. Broad Street
Henrico, Virginia 23233
(804) 360-4NOW (4669)

“I feel most fortunate to be able to combine my dual passions of caring for patients and carrying out research investigations. I am actively pursuing a number of clinical and laboratory studies which evolved largely from experiences gained from seeing patients. In turn, I incorporate skills gained in the laboratory to, for example, map the electrical activity of deep brain regions to guide placement of deep brain stimulation probes during surgeries for Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders."


  • Clinical/ Research Fellowship in Movement Disorders & Motor Control, Emory University School of Medicine
  • Residency in Neurology, Boston City Hospital
  • Internship in Medicine, Saint Vincent Hospital
  • M.D., Medical College of Georgia
  • B.A., Chemistry, Emory University


  • Virginia state medical license
  • American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology


  • Caring for a wide range of movement disorder patients
  • Intra-operative neurophysiology monitoring for deep brain stimulation surgery for movement disorders
  • Clinical research: includes, sensitive eye movement tracking as a means to diagnose various movement disorders
  • Laboratory research: pathophysiological mechanisms of dystonia and other movement disorders

Research interests

  • Clinical research: includes, sensitive eye movement tracking as a means to diagnose various movement disorders
  • Laboratory research: pathophysiological mechanisms of dystonia and other movement disorders

Professional affiliations

  • Parkinson’s Study Group (2009-present)
  • Central Virginia Neuroscience Society (2007-present)
  • Virginia Neurological Society (2003-present)
  • Basal Ganglia Society (1992-present)
  • Society for Neuroscience (1992-present)
  • Movement Disorders Society (1991-present)
  • American Neurological Society (1989-present)

Recent professional achievements

  • Deputy Director, Richmond/Southeast Veterans Affairs Parkinson’s Disease Research, Education and Clinical Center (PADRECC), 2015-present; Director 2005-2015

  • Platform presenter (1 of 4 abstracts chosen), 27th Annual Parkinson's Study Group Symposium on the Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Treatment of Parkinson Disease and Other Movement Disorders, A promising preclinical biomarker for Parkinson’s disease based on ocular tremor: support from quantitative DaTscan analysis, Montreal, Canada, Oct 1, 2013

  • East Coast Movement Disorders Lead for Veterans Affairs Integrated Neurology Project, clinical pilot to advance Telehealth and electronic based education for the care veterans, 2012-present.

Recent publications

  • Kumbhare, D., Holloway, K.L., Baron M.S., Parkinsonism and dystonia are differentially induced by modulation of different territories in the basal ganglia, Neurosci, in 3rd review for publication.
  • Kumbhare, D., Chaniary K., Baron M.S., Preserved dichotomy but highly irregular and burst discharge in the basal ganglia in alert dystonic rats at rest, Brain Res 1624:297-313, 2015.
  • Kumbhare, D., Baron M.S., A novel tri-component scheme for classifying neuronal discharge patterns, J Neurosci Methods 239:148-161, 2015.
  • Gitchel, G.T., Wetzel, P.A., Qutubuddin, A., Baron M.S., Experimental support that ocular tremor in Parkinson’s disease does not originate from head movement, Parkinsonism Relat Disord 20:743-747, 2014.
  • Gitchel, G.T., Wetzel, P.A., Baron M.S., Slowed saccades and increased square wave jerks in essential tremor, Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov 2013; 3: http://tremorjournal.org/article/view/178.
  • Baron, M.S., Gitchel, G.T., Wetzel, P.A., Ocular tremor in Parkinson’s Disease is due to eye, not head oscillation. Letters: Published Articles, Mov Disord 28, 844, 2013
  • Gitchel, G.T., Wetzel, P.A., Baron M.S., Pervasive ocular tremor in patients with Parkinson’s disease, Arch Neurol 2012 April 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Research Support


  • The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research Baron (PI) 4/01/16-3/31/19
    Improved Biomarkers and Clinical Outcome Measures
    Funding: $1,000,000 ($165,674 indirects to VCU, PI supported for 22% of VCU effort)
  • Shirley and Leon Cadieux Secondary Dystonia Research Fund Baron (PI) 12/15-12/20
    Supplemental funds towards secondary dystonia laboratory research studies

Recent and pending support and submissions

  • Dept of Veterans Affairs Baron (PI) 4/11-3/15
    BLR&D Merit Review award
    Pathophysiology of Dystonia
    Funding: $641,984 (exclusive of salary support for PI)
    renewal, in revision
  • Dept. of the Army – USAMRAA Baron (PI)
    DOD Peer Reviewed Medical Investigator-Initiated Research Award
    Differential Etiological Role for Dopamine D2 Receptor Inhibition in Dystonia
    Funding request: $704,197 over 3 yrs (exclusive of PI salary, not required as part of VA physician employment), submitted Oct 19, 2016, invitation upon review of pre-proposal

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